What is the Difference Between Microwave and Oven?

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One of the most frequently asked questions is about the Difference Between  Microwave and  Oven. In this article, we are going to address the difference between these two kitchen appliances with a detailed analysis of a Microwave and an Oven and find out the things or components that differentiate one from another.

Reason Why People Ask About The Difference Between Microwave And  Oven:

First, we must understand the reason why people ask this question about the Difference Between Microwave and Oven. When someone decides to purchase a microwave or an oven for their kitchen, their main aim is to heat the food or reheat it. There are various factors that people take into account while planning to purchase an oven or a microwave. They consider affordability, the size, the functions these kitchen appliances can perform, and various other factors while buying any of these kitchen appliances. People ask the question, whether a microwave would be best to fit their needs or an oven. This question then ultimately results in another problem that is "the difference between a Microwave and an Oven."

If you are going to purchase any of these kitchen appliances and have the same query regarding the difference between a Microwave and an Oven, you are at the right place. We will let you know about the difference between these two kitchen appliances. Not just that, but we will also suggest to you which one would be better for you to fulfill your needs. So without further ado, let's jump right into it.

What Is A Microwave And How Does It Work:

To understand the difference between a Microwave and an Oven, we should understand what exactly each one of them means and how they work. First, we are going to discuss the microwave and the way it operates.

Definition Of Microwave:

A microwave, in simple words, means a high-frequency radio wave. They have a wavelength in the range of 0.001—0.3. Their wavelength is longer than those of infrared radiation and shorter than that of a normal radio wave. Along with heating the food, the microwave is used in radars and communication as well.

Types Of Microwave:

There are basically three types of microwaves.

Solo Microwave:

The first one, which is also considered as the entry-level microwave, is the solo microwave. The solo microwave is one of the cheapest types of microwaves. They are widely used in apartments, small restaurants, and offices. Solo microwaves do not offer a lot of advanced features to the users. They are simply used to reheat foods such as frozen foods. They have a simple design and can be bought at very low prices.

Read Top 10 Best Solo Microwave In India

Grill Microwave:

The second one is Grill Microwave. It is a bit advanced microwave, having more and better features than the solo microwave. It obviously does everything that a solo microwave can. However, the plus point of this type of microwave is that it can grill the food for you. This type of microwave gives a grill taste, which is also considered a USP. This feature makes it stand out among other ordinary microwaves. It has got a unique grill heater along with the additional accessories that help in grilling the food. They are mid-range microwaves. A bit expensive than the solo microwave, but still affordable.

Convection Microwave:

The third type of microwave is the Convection Microwave. It is considered an all-rounder as it offers users lots of features. It can heat, grill, and the best thing it can do that others can not is that it can bake the food. This brilliant feature makes it a unique option for the users, but also makes it one of the most expensive options. Convection Microwaves make use of the combination of a different heater and fan to cook the food.

How Does A Microwave Work:

A microwave passes electromagnetic radiation through the food to heat it. There is a magnetron inside the microwave, which acts as the source of these electromagnetic radiations. Magnetron then makes use of the electricity to convert it into the high powered radio waves. The food at the same time sits on the moving plate that rotates and spins so that it microwave can cook the food evenly. The inside of the microwave has got reflective metal walls, and due to that, the microwaves bounce inside the food compartment. These microwaves penetrate inside the food and travel through it to make the molecules vibrate faster. The faster the molecules will vibrate, the hotter the food will be. The molecules of the food get energy from the microwaves, and ultimately heating the food. This is how a microwave operates.

What Is An Oven And How Does It Work:

This section of our article "the difference between a Microwave and an Oven" is essential for everyone who is deciding to buy kitchen appliances but is having confusion between the two similar sorts of appliances. However, it would be best if you did not worry as in this section. We will comprehensively discuss the definition, types, the way an oven operates. So, let's check that out.

Definition Of An Oven:

An oven is basically a thermally insulated enclosed chamber operated to bake, heat, and cook.

Types Of Ovens:

There are various types of ovens that we are going to discuss in this section. By analyzing all of them, you can decide which one is the best for you.

Gas Oven:

The first type of oven we are going to discuss is the Gas Oven. As its name suggests, the gas ovens make use of gas as their primary power source. The gas oven uses the heat from the burning gas to operate. Gas Ovens are cheaper as compared to the electric oven. The reason for that is that they can heat the oven quickly. Now, most people today do not prefer gas ovens as it can be a bit risky, and it incurs a huge amount of expense initially. However, in the long term, it can prove to be a cheaper option.

Electric Oven:

Electric Ovens is another type of oven. It is one of the most typical types found to be in almost every house. It is utilized for various cooking needs and is very cheap as well. Moreover, it can be comfortably maintained. Electric Ovens are undoubtedly an affordable option initially, but it can become expensive if you plan to use them for a more extended period. In addition to this, electric ovens can generate an even heat because it has got multiple heat sources.

Conduction Oven:

The third type of oven we have got to discuss is the Conduction Oven. It is a type of electric oven. A conduction Oven is usually known as a conventional oven and also the fan oven. These types of ovens heat from the bottom up. Even though there are no severe issues found to be associated with the conduction oven. However, according to various people, this oven leaves pockets of cooler air close to the top of the oven.

Convection Oven:

The fourth type is the Convection Oven. This again is a type of electric oven. These ovens utilize fans to circulate the heat and make a more even temperature within the oven. As compared to its other counterparts, the convection oven is more effective and power efficient due to the fan it uses.

Self Cleaning Oven:

Self Cleaning Oven is also another type of oven. As the name suggests, this type of oven has a unique feature of self-cleaning. This oven is also divided into two types- catalytic and pyrolytic. If we talk about the pyrolytic type, they use extreme heat to burn off the food stain. This makes the users only sweep its ashes and nothing more. As far as catalytic type is concerned, it uses certain kinds of chemicals that absorb the food spills. If your budget is higher, then consider purchasing it. But beware as it can be costly due to its advanced features.

Roaster Oven:

Roaster Oven is an oven type made especially for slow cooking and roasting purposes. If you have a small area, you should go for it. However, it will not fulfill all of your cooking/heating needs.

Toaster Oven:

Another type of oven is a Toaster Oven. It is primarily used for making toast. However, they can not be compared and be used in place of a full oven. These are used just for particular purposes.

How Does An Oven Work:

The two broad categories of ovens, such as Gas Oven and Electric Oven, operate differently. The gas ovens burn gas to warm the metal compartment. The electric lighters help the gas supply be ignited, and the process of warming up the different units of oven compartments begins. The oven works by emitting thermal radiation from above or below the food.

The electric oven works by using the electricity that passes as a current through the inner coiled wires. It works similarly to the way gas ovens work, but the energy source is different.

Which One Is Considered Best For Baking:

By discussing the microwave and the ovens, it should have become clear to you now what are the types of ovens and microwaves and how they are used. However, there still arises a question that which one of them is considered best for the purpose of baking. The simple answer to this question is the conventional ovens. Conventional Ovens are deemed perfect for the purpose of baking as compared to microwaves. The reason for this is that the microwave does not bake or brown anything properly. But to reheat and various other kinds of cooking, microwaves can be a good option.

Pros And Cons Of Microwave:


  • Microwaves are more convenient than ovens. They can cook food faster than conventional ovens.
  • In a microwave, you can set the time and the temperature that seems best to you. It will save your food from burning.
  • As compared to gas ovens, microwaves are way cheaper and consume less energy.


  • You need to be cautious about the materials you place in a microwave, as a chemical reaction can occur. It will make your food uneatable. 
  • There are fewer space and cooking options available with a microwave. So if you have a huge family, microwaves may not be suitable for you.
  • You can not bake the food as it does not bake and brown it properly.

Pros And Cons Of Oven:

There are various types of Ovens, but we will specifically look at the pros and cons of a convection oven.


  • It evenly cooks the food. The convection oven is designed in such a way that it promotes more even cooking. 
  • Due to the fans, you get shorter cooking times with convection ovens.
  • You get better food placement flexibility. Wherever you place your food inside the oven, it will cook the dish for you.


  • Certain types of food do not do well in convection ovens. Food types such as flan and puddings do not perform well in this oven.
  • Due to the fans, the convection oven's parts increase. This ultimately increases the risk of more parts getting damaged or failing.
  • It can be more expensive as compared to microwaves.


By now, you might have clearly learned the Difference Between Microwave and Oven. It merely depends upon your needs as to which one of these kitchen appliances would be best for you. We have discussed above that if you aim to bake stuff, the perfect choice for you would be an oven. However, if you want to reheat food and your budget is relatively less, the best option would be a microwave. You can analyze the difference between a Microwave and an Oven and then take the decision accordingly. But it would be best if you remembered that along with these two broad categories, there are different types and options available for the microwave and the ovens as well. Therefore, choose the ones you can utilize and make sure not to waste your money opting for the wrong kitchen appliance. We hope you got your answer. Have a great day.

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